Types of Containers use for Shipping Cargo
In shipping and logistics industry, it is about the transportation of goods from point ‘A’ to point ‘B’. That journey requires the arrangement of several aspects to ensure the safe arrival of goods at the receiving ends. The core of this element is shipping container.
Container units are used to protect their contents during the transportation process from one port of entry to another. There are a number of different shipping container types which might vary in sizes, materials, structures, and constructions to accommodate the types of products shipped.
Below are some of the most common shipping container types:
Dry Containers are available in sizes of 10, 20, and 40 feet. They are used to transport general cargo products and are the most commonly used type of shipping containers.
Flat Rack Containers
Flat Rack containers have sides that can be folded down to accommodate heavy loads, over-sized cargo, construction equipment, building supplies, or heavy machinery.
Open Top Containers
Open Top containers have a completely removable, convertible top that allows for access to goods from the top of the container and is primarily used for over-height cargo.
Tunnel containers are similar to a dry goods container. However due to having openings on both ends, this container type makes loading and unloading easier.
Side Open Storage Container
Side open storage containers open on the side (as opposed to the ends) to facilitate specific loading and unloading needs.
Refrigerated ISO Containers
Refrigerated ISO Containers (also called reefer containers) regulate the temperature to maintain temperature sensitive goods such as produce or seafood.
Insulated or Thermal Containers
Insulated or thermal containers come with a regulated temperature control which allows them to withstand a higher temperature. They are most suitable for long distance transportation of products.
Tanks are the container type used for the transportation of liquid materials. These container types are mostly made of anti-corrosive materials, such as strong steel.
Cargo Storage Roll Containers
Cargo storage roll containers are specialized containers made for the purpose of transporting sets or stacks of materials. They are made of thick, strong mesh along rollers, which allow them to move easily, and the entire container is foldable.
Half Height Containers
These containers are half the height of a full sized dry container and they are made mostly of steel. They are primarily used for goods like coal, stones, etc. which require easy loading and unloading. Since these containers are half sized they help keep the weight per container at a reasonable amount.
Car carriers are special container storage units made for the shipment of cars over long distances. To help a car fit snugly inside the containers without risking damage, they come with collapsible sides.
Drums are circular shipping containers that are most suitable for bulk transport of liquid materials. They are made from a choice of materials like steel, light weight metals, fiber, hard plastic etc.
Special Purpose Containers
These are container units custom made for special purposes. Their construction and material composition depends on the special purpose they need to cater to.